If a corporation has issued stock, an amendment to the certificate of incorporation shall be adopted in the following manner:
(a) The proposed amendment shall first be adopted by the board of directors.
(b) Except as provided in Sections 10A-2A-10.05, 10A-2A-10.07, and 10A-2A-10.08, the amendment shall then be approved by the stockholders. In submitting the proposed amendment to the stockholders for approval, the board of directors shall recommend that the stockholders approve the amendment, unless (i) the board of directors makes a determination that because of conflicts of interest or other special circumstances it should not make a recommendation, or (ii) Section 10A-2A-8.26 applies. If either (i) or (ii) applies, the board of directors must inform the stockholders of the basis for its so proceeding.
(c) The board of directors may set conditions for the approval of the amendment by the stockholders or the effectiveness of the amendment.
(d) If the amendment is required to be approved by the stockholders, and the approval is to be given at a meeting, the corporation shall notify each stockholder, regardless of whether entitled to vote, of the meeting of stockholders at which the amendment is to be submitted for approval. The notice must state that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the meeting is to consider the amendment. The notice must contain or be accompanied by a copy of the amendment.
(e) Unless the certificate of incorporation, or the board of directors acting pursuant to subsection (c), requires a greater vote or a greater quorum, approval of the amendment requires the approval of the stockholders at a meeting at which a quorum consisting of a majority of the votes entitled to be cast on the amendment exists, and, if any class or series of stock is entitled to vote as a separate group on the amendment, except as provided in Section 10A-2A-10.04(c), the approval of each separate voting group at a meeting at which a quorum of the voting group exists consisting of a majority of the votes entitled to be cast on the amendment by that voting group.
(f) If as a result of an amendment of the certificate of incorporation one or more stockholders of a corporation would become subject to new personal liability, approval of the amendment requires the signing in connection with the amendment, by each stockholder who will become subject to new personal liability, of a separate written consent to become subject to new personal liability, unless in the case of a stockholder that already has personal liability the terms and conditions of the new personal liability (i) are substantially identical to those of the existing personal liability, or (ii) are substantially identical to those of the existing personal liability (other than changes that eliminate or reduce existing personal liability).
(g) For purposes of subsection (f) and Section 10A-2A-10.09, "new personal liability" means personal liability of a person resulting from an amendment of the certificate of incorporation if (i) the person did not have personal liability before the amendment becomes effective, or (ii) the person had personal liability before the amendment becomes effective, the terms and conditions of which are changed when the amendment becomes effective.