(a) The court in an appraisal proceeding commenced under Section 10A-2A-13.30 shall determine all court costs of the proceeding, including the reasonable compensation and expenses of appraisers appointed by the court. The court shall assess the court costs against the corporation, except that the court may assess court costs against all or some of the stockholders demanding appraisal, in amounts which the court finds equitable, to the extent the court finds the stockholders acted arbitrarily, vexatiously, or not in good faith with respect to the rights provided by this article.
(b) The court in an appraisal proceeding may also assess the expenses of the respective parties in amounts the court finds equitable:
(1) against the corporation and in favor of any or all stockholders demanding appraisal if the court finds the corporation did not substantially comply with the requirements of Section 10A-2A-13.20, Section 10A-2A-13.22, Section 10A-2A-13.24, or Section 10A-2A-13.25; or
(2) against either the corporation or a stockholder demanding appraisal, in favor of any other party, if the court finds the party against whom expenses are assessed acted arbitrarily, vexatiously, or not in good faith with respect to the rights provided by this Article 13.
(c) If the court in an appraisal proceeding finds that the expenses incurred by any stockholder were of substantial benefit to other stockholders similarly situated and that the expenses should not be assessed against the corporation, the court may direct that the expenses be paid out of the amounts awarded the stockholders who were benefited.
(d) To the extent the corporation fails to make a required payment pursuant to Section 10A-2A-13.24, Section 10A-2A-13.25, or Section 10A-2A-13.26, the stockholder may sue directly for the amount owed, and to the extent successful, shall be entitled to recover from the corporation all expenses of the suit.