(a) Unless otherwise provided in the certificate of incorporation, directors are elected by a plurality of the votes cast by the stock entitled to vote in the election at a meeting at which a quorum is present.
(b) Stockholders do not have a right to cumulate their votes for directors unless the certificate of incorporation so provides.
(c) A statement included in the certificate of incorporation that "[all] [a designated voting group of] stockholders are entitled to cumulate their votes for directors" (or words of similar import) means that the stockholders designated are entitled to multiply the number of votes they are entitled to cast by the number of directors for whom they are entitled to vote and cast the product for a single candidate or distribute the product among two or more candidates.
(d) Stock otherwise entitled to vote cumulatively may not be voted cumulatively at a particular meeting unless:
(1) the meeting notice or proxy statement accompanying the notice states conspicuously that cumulative voting is authorized; or
(2) a stockholder who has the right to cumulate the stockholder's votes gives notice to the corporation not less than 48 hours before the time set for the meeting of the stockholder's intent to cumulate votes during the meeting, and if one stockholder gives this notice all other stockholders in the same voting group participating in the election are entitled to cumulate their votes without giving further notice.