Section 26-2A-156

Claims against protected person; enforcement.

(a) A conservator may pay or secure from the estate claims against the estate or against the protected person arising before or after the conservatorship upon their presentation and allowance in accordance with the priorities stated in subsection (d). A claim may be presented by either of the following methods:

(1) The claimant may deliver or mail to the conservator a written statement of the claim indicating its basis, the name and mailing address of the claimant, and the amount claimed; or

(2) The claimant may file a written statement of the claim, in the form prescribed by rules of the court, with the clerk of court and deliver or mail a copy of the statement to the conservator.

(b) A claim is deemed presented on the first to occur of receipt of the written statement of claim by the conservator or the filing of the claim with the court. A presented claim is presumed to be disallowed if receipt of the claim is not acknowledged by written statement mailed by the conservator to the claimant within 60 days after its presentation. The presentation of a claim tolls any statute of limitation relating to the claim until 30 days after its disallowance. A creditor whose debt is secured by a lien on certain property is not required to file a claim under this subsection in order to preserve the creditor's priority to the extent of the security, but the creditor must file a claim under this subsection in order to acquire a priority for the debt to the extent it exceeds the value of the security.

(c) A claimant whose claim has not been paid may petition a court of general jurisdiction for determination of the claim at any time before it is barred by the applicable statute of limitation and, upon due proof, procure an order for its allowance, payment, or security from the estate. If a proceeding is pending against a protected person at the time of appointment of a conservator or is initiated against the protected person thereafter, the moving party shall give notice of the proceeding to the conservator if the proceeding could result in creating a claim against the estate.

(d) If it appears that the estate in conservatorship is likely to be exhausted before all existing claims are paid, the conservator shall distribute the estate in money or in kind in payment of unsecured claims in the following order:

(1) Costs and expenses of administration;

(2) Claims of the federal or state government having priority under other laws;

(3) Claims incurred by the conservator for care, maintenance, and education, previously provided to the protected person or the protected person's dependents;

(4) Claims arising prior to the conservatorship;

(5) All other claims.

(e) No preference may be given in the payment of any claim over any other claim of the same class, and a claim due and payable is not entitled to a preference over claims not due; but if it appears that the assets of the conservatorship are adequate to meet all existing claims, the court, acting in the best interest of the protected person, may order the conservator to give a mortgage or other security on the conservatorship estate to secure payment at some future date of any or all claims in class 5.

(Acts 1987, No. 87-590, p. 975, §2-327.)