(a) Shares entitled to vote as a separate voting group may take action on a matter at a meeting only if a quorum of those shares exists with respect to that matter. Unless the articles of incorporation or this chapter provide otherwise, a majority of the votes entitled to be cast on the matter by the voting group constitutes a quorum of that voting group for action on that matter, but in no event shall a quorum consist of less than one-third of the votes entitled to be cast on the matter by the voting group.
(b) Once a share is represented for any purpose at a meeting, it is, unless established to the contrary, presumed present for quorum purposes for the remainder of the meeting.
(c) If a quorum is present when a vote is taken, action on a matter, other than the election of directors, by a voting group is approved if the votes cast within the voting group favoring the action exceed the votes cast opposing the action, unless the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as the same may be amended from time to time, the articles of incorporation, or this chapter require a greater number of affirmative votes.
(d) An amendment of articles of incorporation adding, changing, or deleting a quorum or voting requirement for a voting group greater than specified in subsection (a) or (c) is governed by Section 10A-2-7.27.
(e) The election of directors is governed by Section 10A-2-7.28.