(a) For the purposes of this chapter, the following words have the following meanings:
(1) COUNTY EMPLOYEE. An employee or clerk, deputy, or employee in any county office, but shall not mean an employee of the county board of education.
(2) COUNTY OFFICIAL or COUNTY OFFICER. A county commissioner, county taxing official, judge of probate, sheriff, coroner, or constable.
(3) COUNTY TAXING OFFICIAL. A tax assessor, tax collector, revenue commissioner, license commissioner, or other person charged by law in a county with the assessing or collecting of taxes.
(b) All county officials of all counties in this state and any county employee designated by law or the county commission shall be required to execute official bonds for the faithful performance of their duties and such additional official bonds as from time to time the public interest may demand and as may be required by the provisions of law. Except for a local taxing official executing bond pursuant to Section 40-4-1 or 40-5-3, any official bond executed on behalf of a county official or county employee on and after May 22, 2009, shall be made payable to the county treasury.
(c)(1) In addition to the foregoing, the county commission may require any person appointed by the county commission to serve as director or member of any public board or commission to execute an official bond for the faithful performance of his or her duties on the public board or commission, which bond shall be in an amount set by the county commission and made payable to the board or commission upon which the person will serve.
(2) The governing body of any public board or commission created by the county commission may require an official bond for the faithful performance of his or her duties from any person employed by the public board or commission, which bond shall be set by the governing body of the board or commission and payable to the board or commission employing the person.
(d) Any official bond executed under this section shall be obligatory on the principal and sureties for any of the grounds set out in Section 36-5-18, and in the event of forfeiture, the proceeds shall be distributed to the state or county fund or funds entitled to payment or reimbursement as a result of the breach of office. Payment shall be made to each eligible entity in proportion to the loss of or reduction in public funds caused by the breach of office resulting in the forfeiture.