The council shall hold regular public meetings as may be prescribed by its own rules, provided that a regular hour and day shall be fixed by the order of the council and publicly announced. It may also hold adjourned, called, special or other meetings as the business of the municipality may require. A majority of the whole qualified membership of the council shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of any and all business of the council. Except as otherwise provided herein, the affirmative vote of a majority of the quorum shall be necessary and sufficient for the passage of any resolution, rule or ordinance or the transaction of any business of any sort by the said council or the exercise of any of the powers conferred upon it by the terms of this article, but no resolution or ordinance of a general and permanent nature and no ordinance granting a franchise shall be adopted but by a vote of a majority of the whole qualified membership of the council. No resolution or ordinance granting a franchise, appropriating any money for any purpose, providing for public improvements, providing for regulation concerning the public health or otherwise of a general and permanent nature shall be enacted except at a regular public meeting of the council or an adjournment meeting thereof. Unless the council's rules of procedure theretofore adopted provide otherwise, every ordinance introduced shall be in writing and read in full before any vote thereon shall be taken and the yeas and nays shall be recorded. A record of the proceedings of every meeting of the council shall be taken and prepared by the clerk and the record of the proceedings of the meeting shall, when approved by the council, be signed by the presiding official and the clerk and entered in the journal. The journal shall be kept available for inspection by all persons at all reasonable times. No ordinance or resolution of a general and permanent nature shall be adopted by the council at the same meeting at which it is introduced unless unanimous consent of those present is given for the immediate consideration of such ordinance or resolution, with such consent to be shown by a vote taken by yeas and nays and the names of the members voting shall be entered upon the minutes of said meeting. Publication of ordinances shall be as provided in Section 11-45-8.