Section 12-12-1

Establishment, designation, etc.; location of sessions of district courts; abolition of courts not authorized by Constitution.

(a) The district court of Alabama, a trial court of limited jurisdiction, is created and established, effective January 16, 1977, and shall be subdivided according to districts and styled the district court of the county. Persons elected or appointed to a district court judgeship after January 1, 2010, must have been licensed by the Alabama State Bar Association a combined total of three years or more, or by any other state bar association for a combined total of three years or more, prior to beginning a term of office or appointment to serve a vacant term of office.

(b) Sessions of the district court shall be held in each county seat, each municipality containing a population of 1,000 or more where no municipal court exists, to be restricted to municipal cases, and at other locations within counties in which geographical venue, as described in Section 12-12-36, lies in more than one place.

(c) All courts which are not authorized by Article 6 of the Constitution shall retain their power through January 15, 1977, at which time they shall be abolished. Judgments of courts which cease to exist at the end of that day shall continue in effect, and the courts of the unified system are vested with jurisdiction to enforce such judgments.

All cases then pending in courts which cease to exist shall be transferred to the appropriate district or circuit court. Cases which could be filed in district court under the provisions of this chapter shall be transferred to the district court; provided, that any case containing a demand for a jury trial filed before January 15, 1977, which could have been granted in the court where filed, shall be transferred to the appropriate circuit court.

(Acts 1975, No. 1205, p. 2384, §4-101; Act 2009-562, p. 1632, §1.)