Section 12-21-282

Procedure for securing attendance of witness within state at criminal proceeding, etc.; in another state; fees and allowances; effect of failure of summoned witness to attend and testify.

(a) If a judge in a court of record in any state which, by its laws, has made provision for commanding persons within that state to attend and testify in this state certifies under seal of such court that there is a criminal proceeding pending in such court or that a grand jury investigation has commenced or is about to commence, that a person being within this state is a material witness in such proceedings or grand jury investigation and that his presence will be required for a specified number of days, upon presentation of such certificate to any judge of a court of record in the county in which such person resides or the county in which such person is found if he is not a resident of this state, such judge shall fix a time and place for a hearing, and shall make an order directing the witness to appear at a time and place for the hearing.

(b) If, at the hearing, the judge determines that the witness is material and necessary and that it will not cause undue hardship to the witness to be compelled to attend and testify in the criminal proceeding or grand jury investigation in the other state and that the laws of the state in which the proceeding is pending or the grand jury investigation has commenced or is about to commence, and of any other state through which the witness may be required to pass by the ordinary course of travel, will give him protection from arrest and service of civil and criminal process in connection with any matter which arose before his entrance into the state under the summons, he shall issue a summons, with a copy of the certificate attached, directing the witness to attend and testify in the court where the criminal proceeding is pending or where a grand jury investigation has commenced or is about to commence at a time and place specified in the summons. In any such hearing, the certificate shall be prima facie evidence of all facts stated therein.

(c) If said certificate recommends that the witness be taken into immediate custody and delivered to an officer of the requesting state to assure his attendance in the requesting state, such judge may, in lieu of notification of the hearing, direct that such witness be forthwith brought before him for said hearing. If, at the hearing, the judge determines that the witness is material and necessary, that it will not cause undue hardship to the witness to be compelled to attend and testify in the criminal proceeding or grand jury investigation in the other state and that the laws of the state in which the criminal proceeding is pending or grand jury investigation has commenced or is about to commence will give to him the protection from arrest and service of civil and criminal process in connection with any matter which arose before his entrance into the state under the summons, the judge may, in lieu of issuing a subpoena or summons, order that said witness be taken into the custody and delivered to an officer of the requesting state. The certificate shall be prima facie proof of such desirability.

(d) If the witness, who is summoned as provided in this section, after being paid or tendered by some properly authorized persons the sum of $.15 a mile for each mile by the ordinary traveled route to and from the court where the proceeding is pending and $15.00 for each day that he is required to travel and attend as a witness, fails without good cause to attend and testify as directed in the summons, he shall be punished in the manner provided for the punishment of any witness who disobeys a summons issued from a court of record in this state.

(Acts 1977, No. 638, p. 1084, §2.)