Section 13A-10-132

Crimes in connection with sham legal process, etc.

(a) For the purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

(1) LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER. The same as defined in Section 13A-10-1.

(2) LAWFULLY ISSUED. Adopted, issued, or rendered in accordance with the applicable statutes, rules, regulations, and ordinances of the United States, a state, an agency, or a political subdivision of a state.

(3) SHAM LEGAL PROCESS. The issuance, display, delivery, distribution, reliance on as lawful authority, or other use of an instrument that is not lawfully issued, whether or not the instrument is produced for inspection or actually exists, which purports to be any one of the following:

a. A summons, subpoena, judgment, lien, arrest warrant, search warrant, or other order of a court of this state, a peace officer, or a legislative, executive, or administrative agency established by state law.

b. An assertion of jurisdiction or authority over or determination or adjudication of the legal or equitable status, rights, duties, powers, or privileges of a person or property.

c. A requirement or authorization for the search, seizure, indictment, arrest, trial, or sentencing of a person or property.

(4) STATE OR LOCAL OFFICIAL OR EMPLOYEE. An appointed or elected official or an employee of a state agency, board, commission, department, in a branch of state government, institution of higher education, or other unit of government in this state.

(b) It shall be unlawful for a person to impersonate a state or local official or employee or a law enforcement officer in connection with a sham legal process by acting or purporting to act in an official capacity or taking advantage of such actual or purported capacity by either of the following:

(1) Subjecting another person to arrest, detention, search, seizure, mistreatment, dispossession, assessment, lien, or other infringement of personal or property rights.

(2) Denying or impeding another person in the exercise or enjoyment of any right, privilege, power, or immunity.

(c) A person violating subsection (b) is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor.

(d) It shall be unlawful for a person falsely to assert authority of state law in connection with a sham legal process. A person violating this subsection is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.

(e) It shall be unlawful for a person to knowingly act, without authority under state law, as any judge, magistrate, hearing officer, juror, a clerk of court, a commissioned notary public, or any other official authorized to determine a controversy or adjudicate the rights or interests of others, or to sign a document as if authorized by state law. A person violating this subsection is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.

(f) It shall be unlawful for a person to falsely assert authority of law in an attempt to intimidate or hinder a state or local official or employee or a law enforcement officer in the discharge of official duties, by means of threats, harassment, physical abuse, or use of a sham legal process. A person violating this subsection is guilty of a Class C felony.

(Act 2012-382, p. 1009, §1.)