(a) The provisions of this chapter shall apply to city boards of education unless otherwise provided by local law pursuant to Amendment 659 to the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, or any other provision of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901.
(b) The general administration and supervision of the public schools and educational interest of each city shall be vested in a city board of education, to be composed of five members who shall be residents of the city, and who shall not be members of the city council or commission. In any Class 4 municipality which has adopted a mayor-council form of government pursuant to Chapter 43B (commencing with Section 11-43B-1) of Title 11, the city board of education may be composed of seven members.
(c) No person shall be eligible for election or appointment as a member of a city board of education unless he or she satisfies all of the following qualifications:
(1) Is a person of good moral character.
(2) Has obtained a high school diploma or its equivalent.
(3) Is not employed by that city board of education.
(4) Is not serving on the governing board of a private elementary or secondary educational institution.
(5) Is not on the National Sex Offender Registry or the state sex offender registry.
(6) Has not been convicted of a felony.
(d) In those cities where the members of the city board of education are elected or appointed to represent a district, whenever a member of a city board of education moves his or her domicile from the district he or she represents, he or she shall cease to be a member of the city board of education, and a vacancy shall occur. The member shall provide notice of the move to the secretary of the city board of education before the beginning of business at the first meeting of the city board of education following the move.
(e) Any city or town which has had the general administration and supervision of the public schools and educational interests of the city or town vested in a city board of education for a period of 20 years or more prior to August 15, 1951, may, except as may be provided by law, continue to have general administration and supervision of the public schools and educational interest under a local board of education regardless of any past or future federal census.