Section 16-46-1

Definitions.

For the purposes of this chapter, the following words shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them by this section:

(1) ACADEMIC FRAUD. Courses offered are insufficient in quality, content, or administration to achieve the stated or implied educational objective. Persons offering such courses who know or reasonably should know that the courses cannot achieve the stated or implied educational objective shall be considered to be involved in academic fraud.

(2) AGENT or REPRESENTATIVE. Salesperson who presents materials, sells courses, or solicits students for enrollment of students in the state in person, by mail, by correspondence, by telephone, online, by distance learning education, or by any other method of advertising within the state.

(3) COURSE. Any course, or portion of a plan or program of instruction, whether conducted in person, by mail, by correspondence, online, by distance learning education, or by any other method.

(4) ECONOMIC FRAUD. The sale of courses or programs of study which an institution is unable or unwilling to provide as advertised or described because of inadequate financial stability, facilities, instructional staff, or commitment to honor written or verbal contracts made with students. Included is the solicitation of students for enrollment through intentional deception or misrepresentation of fact and the use of advertising which is known to be false, inaccurate, or misleading. Failure to properly administer student cancellation and refund policies according to appropriate regulations or agreements made with students shall also constitute economic fraud.

(5) LICENSE. A license identifying the name and location of the private postsecondary institution and establishing the courses which may be offered thereunder.

(6) PERMIT. A pocket card issued to an agent or representative providing identification as an authorized agent of a private postsecondary institution.

(7) PRINCIPAL BASE OF OPERATIONS. A private postsecondary institution which has established a main campus in Alabama. Administrative and managerial support and physical plant facilities are maintained continuously in this location. Franchises chartered independently of parent corporations may be accorded this status provided they comply with the residency requirements.

(8) PRIVATE POSTSECONDARY INSTITUTION. Operation of either a for profit or nonprofit postsecondary school as opposed to publicly owned or operated postsecondary schools. For the purposes of this subdivision, a for profit postsecondary school is any postsecondary school operated as a business corporation, partnership, or proprietorship and a nonprofit postsecondary school is any postsecondary school established by a nonprofit charter or articles of incorporation with bylaws establishing a nonprofit mode of operation that is determined by the Internal Revenue Service to be eligible for tax deductible contributions in accordance with 26 U.S.C. §501(c)(3).

(9) RESIDENT COURSE. Any course or sequence of courses of instruction offered by a school which is domiciled within Alabama and has established for a period of three years permanent administrative and management facilities in this state.

(10) SCHOOL. Any person, group of people, institution, establishment, agency, or organization offering or administering a plan, course, or program of instruction whether conducted in person, by mail, by correspondence, online, by distance learning education, or by any other method except the teaching of private lessons of instruction on a singular subject, unless otherwise provided by law.

(Acts 1971, 3rd Ex. Sess., No. 87, p. 4299, §§2, 3; Acts 1980, No. 80-272, p. 349, §1; Act 2011-296, p. 547, §1; Act 2014-245, p. 785, §5.)