The State Fire Marshal shall prescribe and publish standards and specifications for the buildings, premises, and facilities to which this article applies, which will make such buildings accessible to and functional for the physically disabled who are confined to wheelchairs and to those ambulating on braces or crutches, or both, or on canes, to the blind and to the deaf. Such standards and specifications may be based on the American National Standards Institute specifications, as heretofore or hereafter amended. Such standards and specifications shall apply to building features such as the width of halls and doorways, and the construction of stairs, the installation of ramps, the installation of other equipment and accessories to aid the handicapped, the location and installation of equipment and accessories for the buildings such as public telephones, fire alarms, toilet rooms, lights, heat and ventilation controls or switches, elevator signals, and similar items of frequent or essential use. They shall require both visual and audible warning devices to warn the deaf and blind as well as the public generally of possible hazards. They shall also apply to the grading of the lots on which any building to which this article applies are located and to walks and parking areas accessible to such buildings.