(a) No health maintenance organization, or representative thereof, may cause or knowingly permit the use of advertising which is untrue or misleading, solicitation which is untrue or misleading, or any form or evidence of coverage which is deceptive. For purposes of this chapter:
(1) A statement or item of information shall be deemed to be untrue if it does not conform to fact in any respect which is or may be significant to an enrollee of, or person considering enrollment with a health maintenance organization;
(2) A statement or item of information shall be deemed to be misleading, whether or not it may be literally untrue, if, in the total context in which such statement is made or such item of information is communicated, such statement or item of information may be reasonably understood by a reasonable person, not possessing special knowledge regarding health care coverage, as indicating any benefit or advantage or the absence of any exclusion, limitation, or disadvantage or possible significance to an enrollee of, or person considering enrollment in a health maintenance organization, if such benefit or advantage or absence of limitation, exclusion, or disadvantage does not in fact exist;
(3) An evidence of coverage shall be deemed to be deceptive if the evidence of coverage taken as a whole, and with consideration given to typography and format, as well as language, shall be such as to cause a reasonable person, not possessing special knowledge regarding health maintenance organizations and evidences of coverage therefor, to expect benefits, services, charges, or other advantages which the evidence of coverage does not provide or which the health maintenance organization issuing such evidence of coverage does not regularly make available for enrollees covered under such evidence of coverage.
(b) Sections 8-19-1, et seq. and 27-12-1, et seq. shall be construed to apply to health maintenance organizations and evidences of coverage except to the extent that such sections are clearly inappropriate in light of the nature of health maintenance organizations as set forth in this chapter.
(c) A health maintenance organization may not cancel or refuse to renew an individual enrollee, except for reasons stated in the organization's rules applicable to all enrollees, or for the failure to pay the charge for such coverage, or for such other reasons as may be promulgated by the commissioner; provided, however, that a health maintenance organization may not in any event cancel or refuse to renew an enrollee solely on the basis of the health of the enrollee.
(d) No health maintenance organization unless licensed as an insurer may refer to itself as a licensed insurer or use a name deceptively similar to the name or description of any insurance or surety corporation doing business in this state.
(e) Any person not in possession of a valid certificate of authority issued pursuant to this chapter may not use the phrase "health maintenance organization" or "HMO" in the course of operation.