(a) A domestic stock or mutual insurer may borrow money to defray the expenses of its organization, provide it with surplus funds or for any purpose of its business, upon a written agreement that such money is required to be repaid only out of the insurer's surplus in excess of that stipulated in such agreement. The agreement may provide for interest at a reasonable rate per annum, which interest shall, or shall not, constitute a liability of the insurer as to its funds other than such excess of surplus, as stipulated in the agreement. No commission or promotion expense shall be paid in connection with any such loan.
(b) Money so borrowed, together with the interest thereon if so stipulated in the agreement, shall not form a part of the insurer's legal liabilities except as to its surplus in excess of the amount thereof stipulated in the agreement or be the basis of any setoff, but, until repaid, financial statements filed or published by the insurer shall show as a footnote thereto the amount thereof then unpaid together with any interest thereon accrued but unpaid.
(c) Any such loan shall be subject to the commissioner's approval. The insurer shall, in advance of the loan, file with the commissioner a statement of the purpose of the loan and a copy of the proposed loan agreement. The loan and agreement shall be deemed approved unless, within 15 days after date of such filing, the insurer is notified of the commissioner's disapproval and the reasons therefor. The commissioner shall disapprove any proposed loan or agreement if he finds the loan is unnecessary or excessive for the purpose intended, or that the terms of the loan agreement are not fair and equitable to the parties and to other similar lenders, if any, to the insurer or that the information so filed by the insurer is inadequate.
(d) Any such loan, or substantial portion thereof, shall be repaid by the insurer when no longer reasonably necessary for the purpose originally intended. No repayment of such a loan shall be made, unless in advance approved by the commissioner.
(e) This section shall not apply to any loan other than one obtained upon a written agreement that such loan is required to be repaid only out of the insurer's surplus in excess of that stipulated in such agreement.
(f) The value of the surplus debenture issued under this section shall not be considered as the deciding authority for valuing the asset received for the above note, but shall only be taken into account with all other factors in determining admitted value.