(a) For policies issued on or after the operative date of the valuation manual, the standard prescribed in the valuation manual is the minimum standard of valuation required under subsection (b) of Section 27-36A-3, except as provided under subsection (e) or (g) of this section, Section 27-36A-19, or Section 27-36A-20.
(b) The operative date of the valuation manual is January 1 of the first calendar year following the first July 1 as of which all of the following have occurred:
(1) The valuation manual has been adopted by the NAIC by an affirmative vote of at least 42 members, or three-fourths of the members voting, whichever is greater.
(2) The Standard Valuation Law, as amended by the NAIC in 2009, or legislation including substantially similar terms and provisions, has been enacted by states representing greater than 75 percent of the direct premiums written as reported in the following annual statements submitted for 2008: Life, accident and health annual statements; health annual statements; or fraternal annual statements.
(3) The Standard Valuation Law, as amended by the NAIC in 2009, or legislation including substantially similar terms and provisions, has been enacted by at least 42 of the following 55 jurisdictions: The 50 states of the United States, American Samoa, the American Virgin Islands, the District of Columbia, Guam, and Puerto Rico.
(c) Unless a change in the valuation manual specifies a later effective date, changes to the valuation manual shall be effective on January 1 following the date when both of the following have occurred:
(1) The change to the valuation manual has been adopted by the NAIC by an affirmative vote representing both of the following:
a. At least three-fourths of the members of the NAIC voting, but not less than a majority of the total membership.
b. Members of the NAIC representing jurisdictions totaling greater than 75 percent of the direct premiums written as reported in the following annual statements most recently available prior to the vote in paragraph a.: Life, accident, and health annual statements; health annual statements; or fraternal annual statements.
(2) The change to the valuation manual becomes effective pursuant to a regulation adopted by the commissioner.
(d) The valuation manual must specify all of the following:
(1) Minimum valuation standards for and definitions of the policies or contracts subject to subsection (b) of Section 27-36A-3. The minimum valuation standards shall be:
a. The commissioners reserve valuation method for life insurance contracts, other than annuity contracts, subject to subsection (b) of Section 27-36A-3.
b. The commissioners annuity reserve valuation method for annuity contracts subject to subsection (b) of Section 27-36A-3.
c. Minimum reserves for all other policies or contracts subject to subsection (b) of Section 27-36A-3.
(2) Which policies or contracts or types of policies or contracts that are subject to the requirements of a principle-based valuation in subsection (a) of Section 27-36A-16 and the minimum valuation standards consistent with those requirements.
(3) For policies and contracts subject to a principle-based valuation under Section 27-36A-16:
a. Requirements for the format of reports to the commissioner under subdivision (3) of subsection (b) of Section 27-36A-16 and which shall include information necessary to determine if the valuation is appropriate and in compliance with this chapter.
b. Assumptions shall be prescribed for risks over which the company does not have significant control or influence.
c. Procedures for corporate governance and oversight of the actuarial function, and a process for appropriate waiver or modification of such procedures.
(4) For policies not subject to a principle-based valuation under Section 27-36A-16 the minimum valuation standard shall either:
a. Be consistent with the minimum standard of valuation prior to the operative date of the valuation manual.
b. Develop reserves that quantify the benefits and guarantees, and the funding, associated with the contracts and their risks at a level of conservatism that reflects conditions that include unfavorable events that have a reasonable probability of occurring.
(5) Other requirements, including, but not limited to, those relating to reserve methods, models for measuring risk, generation of economic scenarios, assumptions, margins, use of company experience, risk measurement, disclosure, certifications, reports, actuarial opinions and memorandums, transition rules, and internal controls.
(6) The data and form of the data required under Section 27-36A-17, with whom the data must be submitted, and may specify other requirements including data analyses and reporting of analyses.
(e) In the absence of a specific valuation requirement or if a specific valuation requirement in the valuation manual is not, in the opinion of the commissioner, in compliance with this section, then the company shall, with respect to such requirements, comply with minimum valuation standards prescribed by the commissioner by regulation.
(f) The commissioner may engage a qualified actuary, at the expense of the company, to perform an actuarial examination of the company and opine on the appropriateness of any reserve assumption or method used by the company, or to review and opine on a company's compliance with any requirement set forth in this chapter. The commissioner may rely upon the opinion, regarding provisions contained within this chapter, of a qualified actuary engaged by the commissioner of another state, district, or territory of the United States. As used in this subsection, the term "engage" includes employment and contracting.
(g) The commissioner may require a company to change any assumption or method that in the opinion of the commissioner is necessary in order to comply with the requirements of the valuation manual or this chapter; and the company shall adjust the reserves as required by the commissioner. The commissioner may take other disciplinary action as permitted pursuant to this title.