As used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
(1) HEALTH BENEFIT PLAN. Any individual or group plan, policy, or contract for health care services issued, delivered, issued for delivery, renewed in this state by a health care insurer, health maintenance organization, accident and sickness insurer, fraternal benefit society, nonprofit hospital service corporation, nonprofit medical service corporation, health care service plan, or any other person, firm, corporation, joint venture, or other similar business entity that pays for, purchases, or furnishes health care services to patients, insureds, or beneficiaries in this state. The term includes, but is not limited to, entities created pursuant to Article 6 of Chapter 4 of Title 10. For the purposes of this chapter, a health benefit plan located or domiciled outside of the State of Alabama is deemed to be subject to the provisions of this chapter if it receives, processes, adjudicates, pays, or denies claims for health care services submitted by or on behalf of patients, insureds, or beneficiaries who reside in the State of Alabama or who receive health care services in the State of Alabama.
(2) OBSTETRICIAN/GYNECOLOGIST. A physician who is board eligible or board certified by the American Board of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
(3) PARTICIPATING OBSTETRICIAN/PARTICIPATING GYNECOLOGIST. An obstetrician or a gynecologist who is employed by or under contract with a health benefit plan.
(4) PRIMARY CARE PHYSICIAN. A physician who has the responsibility for providing initial and primary care to patients, for maintaining the continuity of patient care, and for initiating referrals for specialist care.