(a) For purposes of this chapter, an "independent adjuster" is a person who, for compensation as an independent contractor or as an employee of an independent contractor, undertakes on behalf of an insurer to ascertain and determine the amount of any claim, loss, or damage payable under a contract of property, casualty, or workers' compensation insurance or to effect settlement of such claim, loss, or damage. This chapter shall not be construed to permit persons not licensed as attorneys to engage in activities constituting the practice of law.
(b) An independent adjuster does not include any of the following:
(1) Attorneys-at-law admitted to practice in this state when acting in their professional capacity as an attorney.
(2) A salaried employee of an insurer.
(3) A person employed solely to obtain facts surrounding a claim or to furnish technical assistance to a licensed independent adjuster.
(4) An individual who is employed to investigate suspected fraudulent insurance claims but who does not adjust losses or determine claims payments.
(5) A person who solely performs executive, administrative, managerial, or clerical duties or any combination thereof and who does not investigate, negotiate, or settle claims with policyholders, claimants, or their legal representative.
(6) A licensed health care provider or its employee who provides managed care services so long as the services do not include the determination of compensability.
(7) A managed care organization or any of its employees or an employee of any organization providing managed care services so long as the services do not include the determination of compensability.
(8) A person who settles only reinsurance or subrogation claims.
(9) An officer, director, manager, or employee of an authorized insurer, surplus lines insurer, a risk retention group, or an attorney-in-fact of a reciprocal insurer.
(10) A U.S. manager of the United States branch of an alien insurer.
(11) A person who investigates, negotiates, or settles life, accident and health, annuity, or disability insurance claims.
(12) Under a self-insured arrangement, an individual employee who adjusts claims on behalf of his or her employer.
(13) A licensed insurance producer appointed to represent the insurer, attorney-in-fact of a reciprocal insurer, or managing general agent of the insurer, to any of whom claim authority has been granted by the insurer.
(14)a. An individual who collects portable consumer electronic device insurance claim information from insureds or claimants, enters such data into an automated claims adjudication system, and furnishes claim information to the insureds or claimants from the results of such system.
b. For purposes of this subdivision, the individual must be an employee of a licensed independent adjuster or of a licensed insurance producer exempt from adjuster licensure pursuant to subdivision (13) or of an affiliate of either a licensed independent adjuster or a licensed insurance producer exempt from adjuster licensure pursuant to subdivision (13), but in any case where no more than 25 such individuals are under the supervision of a single individual licensed independent adjuster or insurance producer.
c. For purposes of this subdivision, "automated claims adjudication system" means a preprogrammed computer system designed for the collection, data entry, calculation, and system-generated final resolution of claims which meets all of the following:
1. It shall only be utilized by a licensed independent adjuster, licensed insurance producer, or by individuals supervised by a licensed independent adjuster or insurance producer pursuant to this subdivision.
2. It shall comply with all claims payment requirements of the insurance code.
d. For purposes of this subdivision, "portable consumer electronic device" means a personal, self-contained, easily carried by an individual, battery-operated electronic communication, viewing, listening, recording, gaming, computing, or global position device, and other similar devices and their accessories.
e. The licensed independent adjuster or insurance producer who supervises the individuals shall file a report with the commissioner indicating an intention to operate pursuant to this subdivision.