Section 31-2A-1

(Article 1.) Definitions.

For the purposes of this code, unless the context otherwise requires, the following words have the following meanings:

(1) ACCUSER. A person who signs and swears to charges, any person who directs that charges nominally be signed and sworn to by another, and any other person who has an interest other than an official interest in the prosecution of the accused.

(2) CADET, CANDIDATE, or MIDSHIPMAN. A person who is enrolled in or attending a state military academy, a regional training institute, or any other formal education program for the purpose of becoming a commissioned officer in the state military forces.

(3) CLASSIFIED INFORMATION. Information that meets all of the following requirements:

a. Any information or material that has been determined by an official of the United States or any state pursuant to law, an Executive order, or regulation to require protection against unauthorized disclosure for reasons of national or state security.

b. Any restricted data, as defined in Section 11(y) of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. §2014(y)).

(4) CODE. This chapter.

(5) COMMANDING OFFICER. Includes only commissioned officers of the state military forces and shall include officers in charge only when administering nonjudicial punishment under Section 31-2A-15 (Article 15). The term "commander" has the same meaning as "commanding officer" unless the context otherwise requires. A commander is any general officer, the Adjutant General, or any other officer who, by virtue of position, is designated as a commanding officer.

(6) CONVENING AUTHORITY. Includes, in addition to the person who convened the court, a commissioned officer commanding for the time being or a successor in command to the convening authority.

(7) DAY. Unless otherwise specified with respect to forfeiture of pay, means calendar day and is not synonymous with the term "unit training assembly." Any punishment authorized by this code which is measured in terms of days, shall when served in a status other than annual field training, be construed to mean succeeding duty days.

(8) DUTY STATUS OTHER THAN STATE ACTIVE DUTY. Any other type of duty not in federal service and not full-time duty in the active service of the state; under an order issued by authority of law and includes travel to and from such duty.

(9) ENLISTED MEMBER. A person in an enlisted grade.

(10) JUDGE ADVOCATE. A commissioned officer of the organized state military forces who is a member in good standing of the bar of the highest court of a state, and is either of the following:

a.1. Certified or designated as a judge advocate in the Judge Advocate General's Corps of the Army, Air Force, Navy, or the Marine Corps or designated as a law specialist as an officer of the Coast Guard, or a reserve component of one of these.

2. Certified as a non-federally recognized judge advocate, under regulations promulgated pursuant to this code, by the senior judge advocate of the commander of the force in the state military forces of which the accused is a member, as competent to perform such military justice duties required by this code. If there is no such judge advocate available, then such certification may be made by such senior judge advocate of the commander of another force in the state military forces, as the convening authority directs.

b. In the instance when a judge advocate is detailed under this code and is not a member of the bar of this state, the judge advocate shall be deemed admitted pro hac vice, subject to filing a certificate with the military judge setting forth his or her qualifications, and with notice and approval of the Alabama State Bar and Chief Justice of the Alabama Supreme Court, that counsel is all of the following:

1. A commissioned officer of the Armed Forces of the United States or a component thereof.

2. A member in good standing of the bar of the highest court of a state.

3. Meets the qualifications detailed in paragraph a.

(11) MILITARY COURT. A court-martial or a court of inquiry.

(12) MILITARY JUDGE. An official of a general or special court-martial detailed in accordance with Section 31-2A-26 (Article 26).

(13) MILITARY OFFENSES. Those offenses prescribed under Part X which are not also covered by federal or state law.

(14) NATIONAL SECURITY. The national defense and foreign relations of the United States.

(15) OFFICER. A commissioned or warrant officer.

(16) OFFICER IN CHARGE. A member of the naval militia, the Navy, the Marine Corps, or the Coast Guard designated as such by appropriate authority.

(17) RECORD. When used in connection with the proceedings of a court-martial, means either of the following:

a. An official written transcript, written summary, or other writing relating to the proceedings.

b. An official audiotape, videotape, digital image or file, or similar material from which sound, or sound and visual images, depicting the proceedings may be reproduced.

(18) SENIOR FORCE COMMANDER. The commander of the same force of the state military forces as the accused.

(19) SENIOR FORCE JUDGE ADVOCATE. The senior judge advocate of the commander of the same force of the state military forces as the accused and who is that commander's chief legal advisor.

(20) STATE. One of the several states, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

(21) STATE ACTIVE DUTY. Full-time duty in the state military forces under an order of the Governor or otherwise issued by authority of law under Chapter 2 of this title and paid in whole or in part by state funds, and includes travel to and from such duty.

(22) STATE MILITARY FORCES. The Alabama National Guard, as defined in Title 32, United States Code, Section 271 of the Constitution of Alabama 1901, and Section 31-2-3. The unorganized militia, state defense force, state national guard, home guard, or any other name of any state force that does not meet this definition shall not be part of the "state military forces" under this code.

(23) SUPERIOR COMMISSIONED OFFICER. A commissioned officer superior in rank or command.

(Act 2012-334, p. 790, §1.)