(a) Under such regulations as prescribed, any commanding officer may impose disciplinary punishments for minor offenses without the intervention of a court-martial pursuant to this article. The Governor, the Adjutant General, or an officer or a general or flag rank in command may delegate the powers under this article to a principal assistant who is a member of the Alabama National Guard.
(b) For the purposes of this article, the term "day" shall mean the following:
(1) For the purposes of pay, one day shall equal one active duty military payday.
(2) For all other purposes, one day shall equal one calendar day.
(c) For the purposes of this part, all members must be in military status when punishment is imposed.
(d) Any commanding officer may impose upon enlisted members of the officer's command any of the following:
(1) An admonition.
(2) A reprimand.
(3) The withholding of privileges for up to six consecutive months.
(4) The forfeiture of pay of up to eight days' pay.
(5) A reduction to the next inferior pay grade, if the grade from which demoted is within the promotion authority of the commander imposing the reduction.
(6) Extra duties, including fatigue or other duties, for up to eight days, which need not be consecutive.
(7) Restriction to certain specified limits, with or without suspension from duty, for not more than eight days, which need not be consecutive.
(e) Any commanding officer of the grade of major or lieutenant commander, or above may impose upon enlisted members of the officer’s command any of the following:
(1) Any punishment authorized in subdivisions (1), (2), and (3) of subsection (d).
(2) The forfeiture of pay of up to 12 days' pay.
(3) A reduction to the lowest or any intermediate pay grade, if the grade from which demoted is within the promotion authority of the commanding officer imposing the reduction, but an enlisted member in a pay grade above E-4 may not be reduced more than two pay grades.
(4) Extra duties, including fatigue or other duties, for not more than 14 days which need not be consecutive.
(5) Restriction to certain specified limits, with or without suspension from duty, for not more than 14 days which need not be consecutive.
(f) The Governor, the Adjutant General, an officer exercising general court-martial convening authority, or an officer of a general or flag rank in command may impose both of the following:
(1) Upon officers of the officer's command, any punishment authorized in subdivisions (1), (2), (3), and (5) of subsection (e).
(2) Upon enlisted members of the officer's command, any punishment authorized in subsection (d).
(g) Whenever any of those punishments are combined to run consecutively, the total length of the combined punishment cannot exceed the authorized duration of the longest punishment in the combination, and there must be an apportionment of punishments so that no single punishment in the combination exceeds its authorized length under this article.
(h) Prior to the offer of non-judicial punishment, the commanding officer shall determine whether restriction shall be considered as a punishment. Should the commanding officer determine that the punishment option may include restriction, the accused shall be notified of the right to demand trial by court-martial. Should the commanding officer determine that the punishment option will not include restriction, the accused shall be notified that there is no right to trial by court-martial in lieu of non-judicial punishment.
(i) The officer who imposes the punishment, or the successor in command, at any time, may suspend, set aside, mitigate, or remit any part or amount of the punishment and restore all rights, privileges, and property affected. The officer also may do either of the following:
(1) Mitigate reduction in grade to forfeiture of pay.
(2) Mitigate extra duties to restriction.
The mitigated punishment shall not be for a greater period than the punishment mitigated. When mitigating reduction in grade to forfeiture of pay, the amount of the forfeiture shall not be greater than the amount that could have been imposed initially under this article by the officer who imposed the punishment mitigated.
(j) A person punished under this article who considers the punishment unjust or disproportionate to the offense, through the proper channel, may appeal to the next superior authority within 45 days after the punishment is either announced or sent to the accused, as the commander may determine. The appeal shall be promptly forwarded and decided. During the pendency of the appeal, the punishment shall not be implemented. The superior authority may exercise the same powers with respect to the punishment imposed as may be exercised under subsection (i) by the officer who imposed the punishment. Before acting on an appeal from a punishment, the authority that is to act on the appeal may refer the case to a judge advocate for consideration and advice.
(k) The imposition and enforcement of disciplinary punishment under this article for any act or omission is not a bar to trial by court-martial or a civilian court of competent jurisdiction for a serious crime or offense growing out of the same act or omission and not properly punishable under this article; however, the fact that a disciplinary punishment has been enforced may be shown by the accused upon trial and, when so shown, it shall be considered in determining the measure of punishment to be adjudged in the event of a finding of guilty.
(l) Whenever a punishment of forfeiture of pay is imposed under this article, the forfeiture may apply to pay accruing before, on, or after the date that punishment is imposed.
(m) Regulations may prescribe the form of records to be kept of proceedings under this article and may require that certain categories of those proceedings be in writing.
(n) The accused shall be informed of the location of and right to consult counsel with regard to any non-judicial punishment. The Commander shall ensure the member is given appropriate means to contact counsel.