Section 40-23-68

Seller to file returns.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (f), the tax imposed by this article shall be due and payable to the department monthly on or before the 20th day of the month next succeeding each month during which the storage, use, or other consumption of tangible personal property became taxable hereunder.

(b) Every seller or person engaged in making retail sales of tangible personal property for storage, use, or other consumption in this state, who alternatively:

(1) Maintains, occupies, or uses, permanently or temporarily, directly or indirectly, or through a subsidiary, or agent by whatever name called, an office, place of distribution, sales, or sample room or place, warehouse or storage place, or other place of business;

(2) Qualifies to do business or registers with the state to collect the tax levied by this chapter;

(3) Employs or retains under contract any representative, agent, salesman, canvasser, solicitor, or installer operating in this state under the authority of the person or its subsidiary for the purpose of selling, delivering, or the taking of orders for the sale of tangible personal property or any services taxable under this chapter or otherwise solicits and receives purchases or orders by any agent or salesman;

(4) Solicits, pursuant to a contract with a broadcaster or publisher located in this state, orders for tangible personal property by means of advertising which is disseminated primarily to consumers located in this state and only secondarily to bordering jurisdictions;

(5) Solicits orders for tangible personal property by mail if the solicitations are substantial and recurring and if the retailer benefits from any banking, financing, debt collection, telecommunication, or marketing activities occurring in this state or benefits from the location in this state of authorized installation, servicing, or repair facilities. Notwithstanding the previous sentence, a seller who contracts with a provider of call center services shall not be deemed to benefit from telecommunication activities occurring in this state or from the location in this state of authorized installation, servicing, or repair facilities merely as a result of contracting for and receiving only call center services from a call center located in this state. The preceding sentence shall only apply for call centers, as authorized or specified in Division 3 of Article 17 of Chapter 10 of Title 41, and placed in service in this state on or before October 1, 2003;

(6) Has, under a franchise or licensing arrangement or contract, a franchisee or licensee operating under its trade name;

(7) Solicits, pursuant to a contract with a cable television operator located in this state, orders for tangible personal property by means of advertising which is transmitted or distributed over a cable television system in this state;

(8) Solicits orders for tangible personal property by means of a telecommunication or television shopping system which is intended by the person to be broadcast by cable television or other means of broadcasting, to consumers located in this state;

(9) Maintains any other contact with this state that would allow this state to require the seller to collect and remit the tax due under the provisions of the Constitution and laws of the United States; or

(10) Distributes catalogs or other advertising matter and by reason thereof receives and accepts orders from residents, within the State of Alabama, shall be subject to all the provisions of this chapter and, except as otherwise provided in subsection (f), on or before the 20th day of the month following the close of each month, shall file with the department a return for the preceding month in such form as may be prescribed by the department showing the total sales price of the tangible personal property sold by such seller, the storage, use, or consumption of which became subject to the tax imposed by this article during the preceding month and such other information as the department may deem necessary for the proper administration of this article.

(c) The return shall be accompanied by a remittance of the amount of tax herein required to be collected by the seller during the period covered by the return. Returns shall be signed by the seller or his or her duly authorized agent but need not be verified by oath.

(d) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (f), every person purchasing tangible personal property, the storage, use, or other consumption of which is subject to the tax imposed by this article, and who has not paid the tax due with respect thereto to a seller required or authorized hereunder to collect the tax, on or before the 20th day of the month following the close of each month, shall file with the department a return for the preceding month in such form as may be prescribed by the department showing the total sales price of the tangible personal property purchased by such person, the storage, use, or other consumption of which became subject to the tax imposed by this article during the preceding month and with respect to which the tax was not paid to a seller required or authorized hereunder to collect the tax, and such other information as the department may deem necessary for the proper administration of this article. The return shall be accompanied by a remittance of the amount of tax herein imposed and not paid to a seller required or authorized hereunder to collect the tax during the period covered by the return. Returns shall be signed by the person liable for the tax or his duly authorized agent, but need not be verified by oath.

(e) For the purpose of the proper administration of this article and to prevent evasion of the tax and the duty to collect the same herein imposed, it shall be presumed that tangible personal property sold by any person for delivery in this state is sold for storage, use, or other consumption in this state unless the person selling such property has taken from the purchaser a certificate signed by and bearing the name and address of the purchaser to the effect that the property was purchased for resale, and it shall be further presumed that tangible personal property shipped to this state by the purchaser thereof was purchased from a retailer on and after March 1, 1939, for storage, use, or other consumption in this state. Except as otherwise provided in subsection (f), any seller making cash and credit sales for storage, use, or other consumption in Alabama may report such cash sales and shall thereafter include in each monthly report all credit collections made during the preceding month, and shall pay the taxes due thereon at the time of filing such report, but in no event shall the gross proceeds of credit sales be included in the measure of the tax to be paid until collections of such credit sales shall have been made.

(f) Taxpayers meeting the criteria set forth in this subsection may elect to file quarterly, semi-annually, or annually. Any election to file quarterly, semi-annually, or annually shall be made in writing no later than February 20 of each year and shall be filed with the department in the manner prescribed by the department. The department, for good cause, may extend the time for making any return required under this chapter, but the time for filing any such return shall not be extended for a period greater than 30 days from the date such return is due to be made. Qualifying taxpayers electing to file quarterly, semi-annually, or annually shall report to the department, on a form prescribed by the department, a true and correct statement showing such information as the department may require. Qualifying taxpayers shall pay to the department the amount of tax shown to be due on or before the applicable deadlines, under any rules as may be prescribed, as follows:

(1) When the total state use tax for which any person is liable under this article is less than two thousand four hundred dollars ($2,400) during the preceding calendar year, the person may elect to file quarterly returns. Quarterly returns and payment of the amount of tax shown to be due shall be due on or before the 20th day of the month next succeeding the end of the quarter for which the tax is due under such rules as may be prescribed by the department.

(2) When the total state use tax for which any person is liable under this article is less than one thousand two hundred dollars ($1,200) for the preceding calendar year or the person liable for the tax has made no more than two transactions subject to use tax during the preceding calendar year, the person may elect to file semi-annual returns. The semi-annual returns and payment of the tax shown to be due shall be due on or before July 20 and January 20 following the end of the six-month period for which the tax is due.

(3) When the total state use tax for which any person is liable under this article during the preceding calendar year is less than six hundred dollars ($600) or the person liable for the tax has made no more than one transaction subject to use tax during the preceding calendar year, the person may elect to file an annual return. The annual return and payment of the tax shown to be due shall be due on or before January 20 following the end of the annual period for which the tax is due.

(Acts 1939, No. 67, p. 96; Code 1940, T. 51, §792; Acts 1945, No. 428, p. 671, §3; Acts 1991, No. 91-576, p. 1060, §1; Acts 1991, No. 91-624, p. 1165, §1; Act 98-192, p. 310, §9; Act 2002-418, p. 1068, §6; Act 2002-525, p. 1371, §1; Act 2019-253, §1.)