(a) For purposes of this section, a bank holding company is a holding company organized under the laws of Alabama or another state in the United States that directly owns a majority of the voting securities of an Alabama state bank.
(b) The superintendent may order a bank, a bank holding company, the board of directors, any director or directors, and any officer or officers of any bank or bank holding company, individually or collectively (hereafter affected person, whether one or more) to correct any matters in the conduct of the affairs of the bank which in the opinion of the superintendent are unsafe and unsound. The Banking Board, after at least 20 days' written notice by the superintendent to the bank and any affected person, and a hearing before the Banking Board, may direct the superintendent to issue an order that imposes civil money penalties on the bank or bank holding company and affected person and, if so determined by the Banking Board, that removes any affected person:
(1) Who does not comply with the superintendent's order to correct unsafe and unsound matters if the Banking Board by written order enters a finding that the bank has thereby suffered or will probably suffer substantial financial loss and that such practice is one involving personal dishonesty on the part of such affected person or one which demonstrates a willful and continuing disregard for the safety and soundness of the bank or bank holding company, the result of which has caused the bank to suffer or which is likely to cause the bank to suffer substantial financial loss; or
(2) Whose conduct:
a. demonstrates personal dishonesty in connection with the business, operations, assets, or liabilities of the bank or bank holding company; or
b. demonstrates a willful and continuing disregard for the safety and soundness of the bank, the result of which has caused or is likely to cause the bank or bank holding company to suffer substantial financial loss.
(c) The amount of civil money penalties imposed shall not exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000) per day with a maximum amount of one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) in the aggregate for all violations of an order of the superintendent. An order of removal also may prohibit the affected person from participating in the affairs of any Alabama state bank or any holding company that controls an Alabama state bank. In the superintendent's order to the bank or affected person of the imposition of civil money penalties or removal, the superintendent shall include a specific statement of the facts constituting the alleged unsafe and unsound conduct to be made the basis of the imposition of civil money penalties or removal. At the hearing thereon before the Banking Board, the board of directors of the bank or the affected person shall have the right to appear in person or by counsel. No member of the Banking Board, other than the superintendent, may participate in the hearing if such member is affiliated with the bank or affected person or has previously been involved in a determination to institute the proceedings leading to the hearing. Any order of the superintendent as directed by the Banking Board, imposing civil money penalties or directing removal of an affected person shall within 28 days of the date of entry thereof be appealable to the Circuit Court of Montgomery County, which appeal shall be conducted de novo. Pending expiration of the time for appeal, the order imposing civil money penalties or of removal shall not become effective and neither the superintendent nor the Banking Board shall publicly disclose such order except in connection with the appeal. All proceedings before the Banking Board shall be confidential. Any person violating this section by disclosure of nonpublic information presented at a confidential hearing before the Banking Board, other than the disclosure that may result in connection with an appeal thereof, shall be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor.