Section 6-5-347

Agritourism.

(a) For the purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

(1) AGRICULTURAL. As defined in Section 41-14-51.

(2) AGRITOURISM ACTIVITY. Any of the following, whether or not a participant provides monetary or other valuable compensation to participate in, view, or enjoy:

a. An activity at an agricultural operation, which is not already addressed under Sections 6-5-337 or 35-15-40, including, but not limited to, farming, ranching, historic and cultural agricultural activities, self-pick farms, or farmers' markets, provided the agritourism professional is selling his or her own product at a location provided to, leased to, rented to, or owned by the agritourism professional for the purpose of selling his or her own product.

b. An activity involving an animal exhibition, show, or competition at an agricultural fair or youth livestock show, which is not already addressed under Section 6-5-337, including, but not limited to, FFA, 4-H, group, club, or other association shows or expositions.

(3) AGRITOURISM PROFESSIONAL. A person who is engaged in the business of providing agritourism activities including employees or authorized agents who offer or conduct agritourism activities on behalf of an agritourism professional.

(4) INHERENT RISKS OF AGRITOURISM ACTIVITIES. Those conditions, dangers, or hazards that are an integral part of an agritourism activity, including any of the following:

a. Surface and subsurface conditions and natural conditions of land, vegetation, and waters.

b. The behavior of wild animals or insects.

c. The behavior of domestic animals or insects as to:

1. The propensity of a domestic animal or insect to behave in ways that may result in sickness, injury, harm, or death to persons on or around them.

2. The unpredictability of the reaction of a domestic animal or insect to sounds, sudden movement, and unfamiliar objects, persons, or other animals.

d. The ordinary dangers of structures or equipment ordinarily used on a working agricultural operation, excluding a dangerous condition on structures or equipment ordinarily used on a working agricultural operation that is actually known by an agritourism professional, not open and obvious, not made known to the participant, and the dangerous condition proximately causes injury, sickness, damage, or death to the participant.

e. The negligent acts of a participant that may contribute to injury to the participant or others, including failing to follow instructions given by an agritourism professional, failing to exercise reasonable caution while engaging in the agritourism activity, or failing to obey written or oral warnings or postings on the premises of the agritourism operation.

(5) PARTICIPANT. Any person, other than an agritourism professional, who engages in an agritourism activity.

(6) PERSON. An individual, governmental entity, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, unincorporated association, group, club, or other legal or commercial entity.

(b)(1) Except as provided in subsection (c), an agritourism professional has no duty of care to inspect for an inherent risk of agritourism activity and may not be liable for an injury, sickness, or damage to a participant or the death of a participant resulting from an inherent risk of an agritourism activity. An agritourism professional does not confer upon any participant the legal status of invitee or licensee.

(2) Except as provided in subsection (c), a participant or a representative of a participant may not make a claim against, maintain an action against, or recover from an agritourism professional for injury, sickness, damage, or death of a participant resulting from an inherent risk of an agritourism activity.

(c) Subsection (b) may not prevent or limit the liability of an agritourism professional who:

(1) Has actual knowledge of a dangerous condition on the land, facilities, or equipment that is not open and obvious or actual knowledge of the dangerous propensity of a particular animal that is not open and obvious, does not make the danger known to the participant, and the danger proximately causes injury, sickness, damage, or death to the participant.

(2) Fails to properly train or improperly or inadequately trains an employee who is actively involved in the agritourism activity and an act or omission of the employee proximately causes injury, sickness, damage, or death of the participant.

(3) Intentionally or willfully injures the participant.

(4) Fails to vaccinate, or quarantine sick domestic or domesticated animals in accordance with applicable animal health statutes and regulations.

(d)(1) This section does not apply unless an agritourism professional posts and maintains a warning notice printed in black letters, with each letter being at least one inch in height.

(2) The warning notice required under subdivision (1) shall be placed in a clearly visible location at the main point of entrance to or the place of payment of monetary or other valuable compensation for the agritourism activity.

(3) The warning notice required under subdivision (1) shall read as follows:

"WARNING.

"Under Alabama law, an agritourism professional is not liable for injury, sickness, or damage to, or the death of, a participant in an agritourism activity at this location if the injury, sickness, damage, or death results from the inherent risks of the agritourism activity.

"Inherent risks of an agritourism activity include risks of injury, sickness, damage, or death inherent to land, equipment, and animals as well as the potential for you to act in a negligent manner that may contribute to your injury, sickness, damage, or death, or for another participant to act in a manner that may cause your injury, sickness, damage, or death.

"You are assuming the risk of participating in this agritourism activity."

(e) This section does not enlarge or diminish the open and obvious doctrine.

(Act 2012-520, p. 1543, §§1-5.)