An action to enforce an obligation, duty, or right arising under this article must be commenced within three years after the cause of action accrues. A cause of action accrues for payment of a time deposit upon the earlier of: (1) the date demand for payment is made to the bank, but if the time deposit has a due date and the bank is not required to pay before that date, the cause of action accrues when a demand for payment is in effect and the due date has passed; (2) the latter of: a. the due date of the time deposit established in the bank's last written notice of renewal sent pursuant to Section 5-5A-36; or b. four years after the last written communication from the bank recognizing the bank's obligation under the time deposit; or (3) the last day of the taxable year for which the owner of the time deposit last reported interest income earned on the time deposit on either a federal or state tax return. As used in this section, a "time deposit" is a deposit at a bank from which the depositor does not have a right to make withdrawals during certain specified time periods after the date of deposit without being subject to an early withdrawal penalty. A "time deposit" does not include a negotiable certificate of deposit covered by subsection (c) of Section 7-3-118, but does include those time deposits represented by certificates which are nonnegotiable. An action subject to this section which is not barred on or before May 15, 2001, and which is based upon an act or omission which occurred before six months before May 15, 2001 shall not in any event be barred until the expiration of six months after May 15, 2001.