SB24

ENGROSSED

By Senator Allen

A BILL
TO BE ENTITLED
AN ACT

Relating to firearms; to repeal Sections 9-11-304, 13A-11-50, 13A-11-51, 13A-11-71, 13A-11-73, and 13A-11-74, Code of Alabama 1975, relating to the carrying or possession of a firearm or pistol, to repeal certain restrictions on the carrying or possession of a firearm on certain property or in a motor vehicle; to amend Section 13A-11-61.2, Code of Alabama 1975, to revise certain restrictions on the carrying or possession of firearms at certain locations; and in connection therewith would have as its purpose or effect the requirement of a new or increased expenditure of local funds within the meaning of Amendment 621 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, now appearing as Section 111.05 of the Official Recompilation of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF ALABAMA:

Section 1. The following sections of the Code of Alabama 1975, are repealed:

(1) Section 9-11-304, Code of Alabama 1975, relating to the carrying of a firearm in wildlife management areas.

(2) Sections 13A-11-50 and 13A-11-51, Code of Alabama 1975, relating to the carrying of concealed weapons.

(3) Section 13A-11-71, Code of Alabama 1975, relating to the commission of a crime when armed.

(4) Sections 13A-11-73 and 13A-11-74, Code of Alabama 1975, relating to pistols and pistol permits.

Section 2. Section 13A-11-61.2, Code of Alabama 1975, is amended to read as follows:

13A-11-61.2.

"(a) In addition to any other place limited or prohibited by state or federal law, a person, including a person with a permit issued under Section 13A-11-75(a)(1) or recognized under Section 13A-11-85, may not knowingly possess or carry a firearm in any of the following places without the express permission of a person or entity with authority over the premises:

"(1) Inside the building of a police, sheriff, or highway patrol station.

"(2) Inside or on the premises of a prison, jail, halfway house, community corrections facility, or other detention facility for those who have been charged with or convicted of a criminal or juvenile offense. It is not a violation of this subsection to knowingly possess or carry a firearm at a location described in this subdivision if the location is also a sheriff's office that issues pistol permits and the pistol remains inside of a locked vehicle at all times while the person is on the premises.

"(3) Inside a facility which provides inpatient or custodial care of those with psychiatric, mental, or emotional disorders.

"(4)a. Inside a courthouse, courthouse annex, a building in which a district attorney's office is located, or a building in which a county commission or city council is currently having a regularly scheduled or specially called meeting.

"b. For the purposes of this subdivision, "courthouse annex" means a building which is currently having regularly scheduled or specially called court hearings.

"(5) Inside any facility hosting an athletic event not related to or involving firearms which is sponsored by a private or public elementary or secondary school or any private or public institution of postsecondary education, unless the person has a permit issued under Section 13A-11-75(a)(1) or recognized under Section 13A-11-85.

"(6) Inside any facility hosting a professional athletic event not related to or involving firearms, unless the person has a permit issued under Section 13A-11-75(a)(1) or recognized under Section 13A-11-85.

"(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a), a person, including a person with a permit issued under Section 13A-11-75(a)(1) or recognized under Section 13A-11-85, may not, without the express permission of a person or entity with authority over the premises, knowingly possess or carry a firearm inside any building or facility to which access of unauthorized persons and prohibited articles is limited during normal hours of operation by the continuous on-site posting of guards who are responsible for the prevention of prohibited items from entering the facility, and the use of other security features, including, but not limited to, magnetometers, key cards, biometric screening devices, or turnstiles or other physical barriers that prevent all persons entering the facility from bringing prohibited items into the facility. Nothing in this subsection otherwise restricts the possession, transportation, or storage of a lawfully possessed firearm or ammunition in an employee's privately owned motor vehicle while parked or operated in a public or private parking area provided the employee complies with the requirements of Section 13A-11-90.

"(c) The person or entity with authority over the premises set forth in subsection (a)(1)-(6) and subsection (b) shall place a notice at the public entrances of such premises or buildings alerting those entering that firearms are prohibited.

"(d) Except as provided in subsections (a)(5) and (a)(6), any firearm on the premises of any facility set forth in subsection (a)(1), (a)(2), or subsection (a)(4)-(6), or subsection (b) must be kept from ordinary observation and locked within a compartment or in the interior of the person's motor vehicle or in a compartment or container securely affixed to the motor vehicle.

"(e) A violation of subsections (a), (b), or (d) is a Class C misdemeanor.

"(f) This section shall not prohibit any person from possessing a firearm within the person's residence or during ingress or egress thereto.

"(g) Prohibitions regarding the carrying of a firearm under this section shall not apply to law enforcement officers engaged in the lawful execution of their official duties.

"(h) Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize the carrying or possession of a firearm where prohibited by federal law."

Section 3. Although this bill would have as its purpose or effect the requirement of a new or increased expenditure of local funds, the bill is excluded from further requirements and application under Amendment 621, now appearing as Section 111.05 of the Official Recompilation of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended, because the bill defines a new crime or amends the definition of an existing crime.

Section 4. This act shall become effective on the first day of the third month following its passage and approval by the Governor, or its otherwise becoming law.


Firearms
Pistol Permits
Law Enforcement
Sheriffs
Code Repealed
Code Amended